Organic Farming in India – organic monk

What is Organic Farming in India – Types, Methods & Advantages

Organic farming is a concept that has been followed since ancient times in India thus it is not a new concept of farming. Farming that uses natural manure and fertilizers, supports the sustainable use of resources and does not harm soil and environment. In addition, organic farming uses only biological fertilizers obtained from animal and plant waste.

It is an ancient method because the use of synthetic fertilizers started with the development of technology. Whereas, in ancient times traditional farming uses only with the available resources which must be organic manures or biological wastes. 

Concept of Organic Farming

Organic Farming can be defined as a type of farming that only uses organic manures, biological wastes, and bio fertilizers. These are the fertilizers acquired from plants and animal waste.

The use of synthetic fertilizers and chemicals in farming harms the fertility and durability of soil. Besides that it is a method of farming that is environment friendly that sustains the resources such as water, air, and soil.  

Types of Organic Farming

  •  Integrated Organic Farming

First, Integrated Organic Farming means the Achievement of ecological requirements and demands through the integration of pest management and nutrients management techniques for farming.

  • Pure Organic Farming

Secondly, Pure organic farming is a method which is conducted only through the use of completely organic and natural sources. In this method of farming, the use of unnatural chemicals is completely prohibited.

Methods of Organic Farming

  • Crop Rotation 

Crop rotation is a type of method in which a variety of different crops are grown. It encourages the health of the farm by manifesting different nutrients from the soil or farm. Crop diversity supports a wider range of microorganisms, insects, and nutrients that improves the overall health and fertility of the farm.

  • Biological Pest Control 

It includes managing the growth of harmful organisms to maintain the fertility of the soil and to protect crops from them. Organic farmers use sanitizers and mild or natural pesticides to biologically control the pest.

  • Soil management 

Soil management consists of recharging the soil by adding natural nutrients to it because soil depletes its quality by losing useful nutrients after the cultivation of crops. So, there is a need to improve or recharge the fertility of soil through natural bacteria or nutrients to make it more fertile for further production.

  • Green Manure 

Green manure is the natural produce of the farm that is made out of uprooted or dead plants that act as green manure for the soil to improve its fertility. Again it is a natural product that does not harms the fertility of soil. Moreover, it improves the produce and quality of soil

Advantages of Organic Farming

  Organic farming has numerous environmental, economical, and health benefits. Due to the countless advantages of organic farming people are preferring organic farming as it is a sustainable and income-generating method as well.

  • Environment friendly

As it promotes sustainable development and does not harm the environment as it uses only natural fertilizers instead of synthetic fertilizers. Thus, it is an eco- friendly method of farming.

  • Nutritious and tastiest food

Natural or Organic foods and produce are more healthiest and tasty as they have plenty of nutrients and are grown organically without the use of chemicals and harmful pesticides.

  • Generates Income

Natural products are highly in demand across the globe and in India. Exporting organic products generates more income.

  • Inexpensive process 

Again through this it improves the earn as Organic Farming can be conducted with the usage of cheaper and local resources and inputs. There is no need for expensive fertilizers, HYV seeds, and pesticides. So it saves any extra expense.

  • Source of employment

It is also a source of employment for many farmers as it generates more income and also organic products and food is in high demand nowadays. Thus they help cultivators and farmers to earn more.

Organic Farming in India and its need

Due to the ecological imbalance in the environment and the increased rate of employment in India, there is an alarming situation to switch to go Organic. As organic farming generates more income and is a better way to maintain the equilibrium and environmental balance.


Organic farming is a farming technique of ancient India that promotes sustainable use of resources. It is highly needed in India to be promoted due to the imbalance ecological conditions. It has plenty of advantages and techniques that can make it an earning business for farmers of India and results in improvement in their economic conditions.

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